Thursday, April 25

History of the Piano

When speaking about piano history, reference has to be made to the early instruments that led its method.

The first historical reference to instruments is in Genesis 4:21. The first tool in history to have a keyboard was the Hydraulis, the forerunner of the contemporary body organ. It was integrated into Greece around 220 B.C. By the second century A.D., the body organ was used at important events in Greece as well as the Roman Empire.

The earliest keyboards were played with the hands, fists, knees, wrists, or feet. In the 13th Century, ranges were diatonic, like in GABCDEF, as opposed to the twelve-tone chromatic range we use today.

The piano is founded on earlier technological developments. The 14th, as well as 15th Centuries, saw the advancement of various types of keyboard stringed tools. Some came with hammers, including the dulce Melos, checker, as well as clavichord. Some were tweezed tools, including the spinet, virginal, as well as harpsichord.

In this conversation about the background of the piano, let’s now speak about its creator. Who was behind the invention of the piano? The invention of the piano was done by Padua’s Bartolomeo Cristofori. He was a professional harpsichord manufacturer, utilized by Ferdinando +de’ Medici, Grand Royal Prince of Tuscany, as the Keeper of the Instruments. The first piano he developed was about the year 1698. Chroniclers are not in total agreement as to the precise date. The keyboard was different from today’s piano keyboard design; the natural keys looked black while the notes were white. Sebastian LeBlanc was the first to suggest that the black, as well as white keys, can be switched. The 3 Cristofori pianos that make it through today from the 1720s.

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History of the piano: the harpsichord as well as clavichord

When Bartolomeo Cristofori invented the piano, amongst the most prominent keyboard instruments were the harpsichord and the clavichord. Both of these tools looked like the piano that exists today. The major distinction between them as well as a modern piano is a method their sound was produced. In the clavichord, strings get hit by tangents, although in the harpsichord they get tweezed by quills.

The major drawback of a harpsichord was the truth that the dynamics, softness, or loudness, of each note, could not be controlled. This meant that composers could not stimulate feeling in their songs as needed. The clavichord aimed to enhance this imperfection. While it still plucked at strings, it enabled the strings to continue shaking as long as the key was depressed. Because of these gamers had extra control over the volume of their tool. The practically more advanced clavichord became popular but it still had its weaknesses. Although it permitted artists to be more expressive, the tone of the harpsichord was too fragile. It was not suited for big hall efficiencies, as well as would often be drowned by various other instruments.